- Five-year-olds will be expected to learn to count up to 100 (compared to 20 under the old curriculum) and learn number bonds to 20 (was up to 10);
- Simple fractions (1/4 and 1/2) will be taught from KS1, and by the end of primary school, children should be able to convert decimal fractions to simple fractions (e.g. 0.375 = 3/8);
- By the age of nine, children will be expected to know times tables up to 12x12 (was 10x10 by the end of primary school);
- Calculators will not be introduced until near the end of KS2, to encourage mental arithmetic.